National Commission For Women
The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 ( Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt.of India ) to :
review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women ;
recommend remedial legislative measures ;
facilitate redressal of grievances and
advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
In keeping with its mandate, the Commission initiated various steps to improve the status of women and worked for their economic empowerment during the year under report. The Commission completed its visits to all the States/UTs except Lakshdweep and prepared Gender Profiles to assess the status of women and their empowerment. It received a large number of complaints and acted suo-moto in several cases to provide speedy justice. It took up the issue of child marriage, sponsored legal awareness programmes, Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats and reviewed laws such as Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, PNDT Act 1994, Indian Penal Code 1860 and the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to make them more stringent and effective. It organized workshops/consultations, constituted expert committees on economic empowerment of women, conducted workshops/seminars for gender awareness and took up publicity campaign against female foeticide, violence against women, etc. in order to generate awareness in the society against these social evils.
The commission shall perform all or any of the following functions, namely :-
Investigate and examine all matters relating to the safeguards provided for women under the Constitution and other laws;
present to the Central Government, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguard;
make in such reports recommendations for the effective implementation of those safeguards for the improving the conditions of women by the Union or any state;
review, from time to time, the exiting provisions of the Constitution and other laws affecting women and recommend amendments thereto so as to suggest remedial legislative measures to meet any lacunae, inadequacies or shortcomings in such legislations;
take up cases of violation of the provisions of the Constitution and of other laws relating to women with the appropriate authorities;
look into complaints and take suo moto notice of matters relating to:-
deprivation of women’s rights;
non-implementation of laws enacted to provide protection to women and also to achieve the objective of equality and development;
non-compliance of policy decisions,guidelines or instructions aimed at mitigating hardships and ensuring welfare and providing relief to women, and take up the issues arising out of such matters with appropriate authorities;
call for special studies or investigations into specific problems or situations arising out of discrimination and atrocities against women and identify the constraints so as to recommend strategies for their removal;
undertake promotional and educational research so as to suggest ways of ensuring due representation of women in all spheres and identify factors responsible for impeding their advancement, such as, lack of access to housing and basic services, inadequate support services and technologies for reducing drudgery and occupational health hazards and for increasing their productivity;
participate and advice on the planning process of socio-economic development of women;
evaluate the progress of the development of women under the Union and any State;
inspect or cause to inspected a jail,remand home,women’s institution or other place of custody where women are kept as prisoners or otherwise and take up with the concerned authorities for remedial action, if found necessary;
fund litigation involving issues affecting a large body of women;
make periodical reports to the Government on any matter pertaining to women and in particular various difficulties under which women toil;
any other matter which may be referred to it by Central Government.
The Central Government shall cause all the reports referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) to be laid before each House of Parliament along with memorandum explaining the action taken or proposed to be taken on the recommendations relating to the Union and the reasons for the non-acceptance, if any, of any such recommendations.
Where any such report or any part thereof relates to any matter with which any State Government is concerned, the Commission shall forward an copy of such report or part to such State Government who shall cause it to be laid before the Legislature of the State along with a memorandum explaining the action taken or proposed to be taken on the recommendations relating to the State and the reasons for the non-acceptance,if any, of any such recommendations.
The Commission shall, while investigating any matter referred to in clause (a) or sub-clause (i) of clause (f) of sub-section (1), have all the powers of a civil court trying a suit and, in particular in respect of the following matters, namely :-
summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person from any part of India and examining him on oath;
requiring the discovery and production of any document;
receiving evidence on affidavits;
requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;
issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses and documents; and
any other matter which may be prescribed.
The objective of the NCW is to represent the rights of women in India and to provide a voice for their issues and concerns. The subjects of their campaigns have included dowry, politics, religion, equal representation for women in jobs, and the exploitation of women for labour. They have also discussed police abuses against women.
The commission regularly publishes a monthly newsletter, Rashtra Mahila in both Hindi and English.
Ms. Lalitha Kumaramangalam -Chairperson
Ms. Hemlata Kheria -Member
Ms. Nirmala Samant Prabhavalkar -Member
Ms. Shamina Shafiq -Member
Ms. Laldingliani Sailo -Member
Dr. (Ms.) Nandita Chatterjee -Member Secretary
National Commission for Women
4, Deen Dayal Upadhayaya Marg,
New Delhi-110 002.
Contact No.- 91-11-23234918, 23222845
Complaints Cell :91-11-23213419,
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org