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Law in Numbers

Numbers and Statistics plays a vital role in every fields of human activity including Law. Statistics has important role in determining the existing position when assessed as compared to population, crime rate, growth in commercial activity and disputes arising therefrom in a State or pan country. Now statistics holds a central position in almost every field like Industry, Commerce, Trade, Physics, Chemistry, Economics, Mathematics, Biology, Botany, Psychology, Astronomy etc…, so application of statistics is quite vital and very wide.

Map of India
Map of India
India: At a Glance
Capital New Delhi
Area 32,87,263 sq.km
Area wise in the world 7th
Location India extends between latitudes 8o4’N and 37o6’N. It is a country of the east with its landmass lying beteen longitudes 68o7’E and 97o25’E.
Stretch 3,214 Kilometers from north to south
2,933 Kilometers from east to west
Land Frontier 15,200 km
Coastline 7516.5 km
Neighbouring Countries India shares its political borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan on the west and Bangladesh and Myanmar on the east. The northern boundary is made up of the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. India is seperated from Sri Lanka by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar
Physical Feature The mainland consists of four well-defined regions: (i)The great mountain zone,
(ii)The Indo-Gangetic plain,
(iii)The desert region and
(iv)The Southern Peninsula
Rivers The main rivers of the Himalayan group are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
Climate There are four seasons which are recognised by the India Meteorological department. They are – Cold weather, hot weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west monsoon.
Fauna Approx. 89,451 species
National Parks 94
Wildlife Sanctuaries 501
Official Languages Hindi
Population (2015) 127 Crore (17% of the world’s population)
Populationwise place in the world 2nd
Population density 324 person per square kilometer
Population growth 21.34 %
Sex Ratio 933 females per 1000 males
Literacy 65.38 %
Male Literacy 75.85 %
Female Literacy 54.16 %


Indian Economy in Numbers
Gross Domestic Product,GDP Rs.12,09,73,00,00,00,000(Rs.120 Lakh Crore)
World Rank as per GDP 9th
World Rank as per Purchasing Power Parity, PPP 3rd
World Rank as Exporter 19th
World Rank as Importer 10th
Size of Retail Market Rs.28 Lakh Crore
World Rank in production of Milk, Pulses & Jute 1st
Size of Road Network 43 lakh Kms.
World Rank in Road Network 3rd
Railways Network 114,500 Kms.
World Rank in Rail Network 4th
Telephone Subscribers 92.5 Crore
World Rank in Pool of Scientists and Engineers 2nd
% of population < 25 yrs. > 50%
Postal Network India has the World’s largest postal network in the world with 1,55,618 Post Offices and over 5,66,000 employees
Number of domestic Air Travelers 7.5 Crore per Annum
Official Gold reserve 560 Tonne, World’s 10th Largest Gold Reserve
India’s Forex Reserve Rs. 1,74,49,72,60,00,000(Rs.17 Lakh Crore)
India’s Software Export 46,74,03,37,50,000(Rs.4.6 Lakh Crore)and growing by 10% pa
Number of domestic Air Travelers 7.5 Crore per Annum
Size of Indian Banking Industry Rs.7,70,00,00,00,00,000(Rs.77 Lakh Crore)
Indian Laws in Number
Number of Laws in India About 34,475 laws
Number of States and UTs 29 States and 7 UTs
Number of Cities & Towns 15,015
Number of Court Complexs 2500
Number of Judges 15,115 as against sanctioned strength of 19,518
Number of Judges per 10 Lakh Population 10.5 as compared to 100 in USA and 150 in Europe
Number of Cases pending in Courts 3,13,65,409
Number of Districts 676
Police Stations in India 15,015
Number of Women Police Station 529
Police Strength in India 17,31,537 actual as against sanctioned strength of 22,43,288. meaning thereby 5,11,751 posts lying unfilled
Police strength per 100 sq.km. 54.7
Police strength per 1 lakh population 141
Number of Persons Arrested 80,01,540
Number of Rapes per hour 4
Value of Property Stolen Rs.1,32,19,31,00,000(Rs.13,210 Crore) of which property worth Rs.17,62,70,00,000(1,762 Crore) was recovered
Number of Guns in India About 4,00,00,000(4 Crore) both Licensed and illegal combined together as compared to 31 Crore in USA
Number of Registered Firearms 63,00,000(63 lakh)
Number of Firearms with Defence Forces 26 Lakh
Number of Firearms with Police Forces 17 Lakh
Number of Firearms Deaths 2008: 6,219
2007: 7,603
2006: 8,089
2005: 8,469
2004: 11,220
2003: 10,363
2002: 12,361
2001: 11,102
2000: 11,519
1999: 12,147
Number of Accidental Gun Deaths 2008: 1,639
2007: 2,046
2006: 2,161
2005: 2,254
2004: 2,283
2003: 1,993
2002: 2,597
2001: 2,688
2000: 2,634
1999: 2,303
Number of Crime Committed,2013 66,50,000 Cases
Number of Murders,2013 33,201. UP alone had 5,047 Murders
Number of Crime against Women 3.09 Lakh
Number of Crime against Children 58,224
Number of Crime against SC & ST 46,201
Number of Crime by Children 35,856
Number of Cyber Crime 5,600
Number of Jails 1391
Number of Inmates capacity of Jails 3.47 Lakh
Number of Foreigners lodged in Jails 6700
States with Highest Jail Inmates Uttar Pradesh – 83,518, MP – 34,000, Bihar – 31,000
Number of Firearms with Police Forces 17 Lakh
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