Apex Court added that,”We want a centralised system for selection process”.
Pushing for the major judicial reforms to bring uniformity in selection process and curb practice of favouritism and nepotism in the selection of judges in lower judiciary , Supreme Court has decided in principle to introduce a common test for selection and sought suggestions from the States and Union Territories on the mode of implementation.
Although creation of the All India Judicial Services was proposed in the year 1960, it could not be implemented because of due to stiff opposition from various State Governments.
Even Law Commission in its various reports has favoured creation of the AIJS but it was not considered to be practical by some of the State Governments and High Courts and proposal was shelved.
Taking suo motu cognisance of letter written by Centre to Apex Court asking it to introduce single window test for selection of the judges, Apex Court Bench comprising of Chief Justice J S Khehar, Justice A K Goel and Justice A M Khanwilkar stated that it had held consultations and decided in favour of common test.
Supreme Court Bench enunciated that test would be conducted on the pattern of Common Medical Examination NEET.
Apex Court further added that,“We want a centralised system for selection process.But common test would not tamper with federal structure and appointment would be done by the States,“ the bench said. Court said that the Central Agency would be tasked to conduct the test and prepare merit list.
Supreme Court has sought response from the States and UTs on introducing one-window test.
Total sanctioned strength of the judicial officers in the District and the Subordinate Courts is 21,320 as on June 30, 2016. Of these, 4,937 are vacant.Lack of sufficient number of the judges in the lower courts has resulted in staggering number of pendency of the cases. As per National Judicial Data Grid, pendency in the District Courts is around 2.8 crore.